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Jammu & Kashmir >> Travel Guide to Jammu & Kashmir  >> Cities of Jammu & Kashmir >>

LEH


City Information

Location: Ladakh, J&K
Significance: Capital Of Ladakh.
Main Attractions: Bazaar, Old Town, The Leh Palace, Namgyal Tsemo Gompa, Shanti Stupa, Ecology Centre, Sankar Gompa
Best Time To Visit: June To September

 
 

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Useful Information

As one approaches Leh for the first time, via the sloping seep of dust and pebbles that divide if from the floor of the Indus Valley, one will have little difficulty imagining how the old trans -Himalayan traders must have felt as they plodded in on the caravan routes from Yarkhand and Tibet: a mixture of relief at having crossed the mountains in one piece, and anticipation of a relaxing spell in one of central Asia's most scenic and atmospheric towns.

Spilling out of a side valley that tapers north towards eroded snow-capped peaks, the Ladakhi capital sprawls from the foot of a ruined Tibetan style palace - a maze of mud-mud brick and concrete flanked on one side by cream-coloured desert, and on the other by a swathe of lush irrigated farmland.

History of Leh
Leh only became regio
nal capital in the 17th century, when Sengge Namgyal shifted his court here from Shey, 15-km southeast, to be closer to the head of the Khardung La-Karakoram corridor into China. The move paid off: with in a generation, the town had blossomed into one of the busiest markets on the Silk Road. During the 1920s and 1930s, the broad bazaar that broad bazaar that still forms its heart received more than a dozen pony- and camel-trains each day.

Leh's prosperity, managed mainly by the Sunni Muslim merchants whose descendants live in its labyrinthine old quarter, came to an abrupt end with the closure of the Chinese border in the 1950's. One after the Indo-Pak wars of 1965 and 1971, when India rediscovered the hitherto forgotten capital's strategic value, did its fortunes begin to look up. Today, Khaki-clad Jawans (soldiers) and their families from the nearby military and air force bases are the mainstay of the local economy in winter, when foreign visitors are few and far between.
Welcoming Tourists
Undoubtedly the most radical shake-up, however, ensued from the Indian government's decision in 1974 to open Ladakh to foreign tourists. From the start, Leh bore the brunt of the annual invasion, as busloads of backpackers poured up the road Srinagar. Twenty or so years on, though the main approach is now via Himachal Pradesh rather than Kashmir, the summer influx shows no sign of abating.

Leh is doubled in size and is a far cry from the sleepy Himalayan town of the early 1970's. During July and August tourists stroll shoulder to shoulder down its main street, most of whose old style outfitters and provision stores have been squeezed out by Kashmiri handicraft shops, art emporiums and Tibetan restaurants.

The Town Attractions
Leh Palace
Leh has nonetheless retained a more tranquil side, and is a pleasant place to unwind after a long bus journey. Attractions in and around the town itself include the former Palace and Namgyal Tsemo Gompa, perched amid strings of prayer flags above the narrow dusty streets of the Old Quarter.

A short walk north across the fields, the small monastery of Sankar harbours accomplished modern Tantric murals and a thousand beaded Avalokitesvara (also spelt as Avalokiteshvara) deity.

Leh is also a good base for longer day trips out into the Indus Valley. Among the string of picturesque villages and Gompas within reach by bus are Shey, site of a derelict 17th century palace, and the Spectacular Tikse Gompa. Until one has adjusted to the altitude, however, the Only sightseeing one will probably feel up to will be from a guesthouse roof terrace or garden, from where the snowy summits of the majestic Stok-Kangri massif (6,120m), magnified in the crystal clear Ladakhi sunshine, look close enough to touch.



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Flower seller on the Dal Lake

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Cities of Jammu and Kashmir
Drass  -|- Padum / Padam  -|- Spitok  -|-  Gulmarg  -|- Pahalgam -|- Sani  -|-  Jammu -|- Patnitop  -|- Srinagar  -|-  Kishtwar  -|- Rangdum  -|- Stondey  -|-  Kargil
 -|- Rupshu -|- Zangla -|-  Leh -|- Rhidzong -|- Zanskar  -|-  Ladakh -|- Sonamarg -|- Zongkhul


Buddhist Heritage of Jammu and Kashmir
 
-|- 
Alchi   -|-   Namgyal Tsemo Gompa   -|-  Spitok   -|-   Chemrey Gompa   -|-   Pugthal/Phugtal   -|-  Stok   -|-   Diskit & Hundur   -|-  Rangdum
  -|- 
Stongdey/ Stongde Monastery   -|-   Hemis   -|-  Rhidzong   -|-  Sumur   -|-   Lamayuru   -|-  Sani   -|-  Thak Thok Gompa   -|-   Likkir
  -|-  Sankar Gompa
The Shanti Stupa   -|-   Matho   -|-  Shey   -|-  Tikse

HOTELS IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR
Hotels in Jammu
Hotel Asia Jammu Tawi  -|-   K.C Residency  -|-   Hotel Jammu Ahok
Hotels in Katra
Hotel Asia Shripati (3 Star), Katra
Hotels in Srinagar
 -|- Hotel Grand Palace   -|- Hotel centaur  -|- Hotel Broadway -|-
Hotels in Gulmarg
-|- Hotel Hill top  -|-   Hotel highland Park. -|-
Hotels in Pahalgam
-|- Hotel Pahalgham -|- Hotel Heavan -|- Hotel wood stock -|-
Hotels in Leh Ladakh
 -|-  Hotel Rafica  -|-  Hotel Dargan  -|-  Hotel K-Star Palace  -|-  Hotel Shambha-la  -|-  Ga-Ldan Continental -|- 

Hill Stations of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Aru  -|-  Dah & Hanu  -|-  Kishtwar  -|-  Patnitop  -|-  Sonamarg  -|- 

Pilgrimage of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Alchi  -|-  Amarnath  -|-  Padum  -|-  Stongdey Monastery -|-  Vaishno Devi  -|- 

Trekking in Jammu & Kashmir

 -|-  Indus Valley Trek  -|-   Pahalgam To Amarnath Cave -|-   Spiti To Ladakh  -|-   Srinagar-Daksum-Kishtwar  -|-   The Nubra Valley Trek -|-  And More Heritage...

Lake of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dal Lake  -|-  Manasbal Lake -|-  Mansar Lake -|-  Nagin Lake  -|-  Wular Lake  -|- 

Wildlife of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dachigam National Park  -|-  Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve -|-  Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary -|-  Kishtwar High Altitude National Park -|- 
 -|-  Overa National Park  -|- 

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