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Jammu & Kashmir >> Travel Guide to Jammu & Kashmir  >> Cities of Jammu & Kashmir >> Ladakh

LADAKH


Area: 97,000 sq kms out of which nearly 38,000 sq. kms are under Chinese Occupation since 1962.
Population
: Approx. 2.40 lakh in the 2 districts of Leh & Kargil.

Languages
: Ladakhi including Balti / Purgi, Shina or Dardic, Urdu / Hindi.
Ethnic composition
: Mongoloid/Tibetan, Dardic and assorted Indo-Aryan elements.
Altitude
: Leh 3505 m, Kargil 2750 m
 

Temperature:

Maximum

Minimum

Summer

25oC

8oC

Winter

(-) 5oC

(-) 20oC


Rain-fall : 15cm, 6" (annual average)

Clothing :Cotton & light woollens in summer and heavy woollens including down-filled wind proof upper garments in winter.

Geographical Introduction
Ladakh is a land abounding in awesome physical features, set in an enormous and spectacular environment. Bounded by two of the world's mightiest mountain ranges, the Karakoram in the north and the Great Himalaya in the south, it is traversed by two other parallel chains, the Ladakh Range and the Zanskar Range.

In geological terms, this is a young land, formed a few million years ago. Its basic contours, uplifted by tectonic movements, have been modified over the millennia by the process of erosion due to wind and water, sculpted into the form that we see today.

A Virtually Rainless Area

Today a high-altitude desert, sheltered from the rain-bearing clouds of the Indian monsoon by the barrier of the Great Himalaya, Ladakh was once covered by an extensive lake system, the vestiges of which still exist on its south-east plateaux of Rupshu and Chushul, in the drainage basins or lakes of Tso-moriri, Tso-kar and Pangong-tso. But the main source of water is winter snowfall.
For the rest of the region, the snow on the peaks is virtually the only source of water. As the crops grow, the villagers pray not for rain, but for sun to melt the glaciers and liberate their water. Usually their prayers are answered, for the skies are clear and the sun shines for over 300 days in the year.
Dras, Zanskar and the Suru Valley on the Himalaya's northern flanks receive heavy snow in winter, this feeds the glaciers from which melt water, carried down by streams, irrigates the fields in summer. For the rest of the region, the snow on the peaks is virtually the only source of water. As the crops grow, the villagers pray not for rain, but for sun to melt the glaciers and liberate their water.

Capital of Ladakh

Leh, the capital of Ladakh is situated at a height of 3505 meters. Leh is a beautiful destination with so many attractions and is the center of Tibeto-Buddhist Culture for ages. Its colorful gompas have attracted the devout Buddhists from all over the globe. Besides, it is also a favorite hiking locale and is known for some of the best hikes in the country.    

Weather of The Cold Desert

Ladakh lies at altitudes ranging from about 9,000 feet (2,750m) at Kargil to 25,170 feet (7,672m) at Saser Kangri in the Karakoram. Thus summer temperatures rarely exceed about 270 C in the shade, while in winter they may plummet to -200 C even in Leh. Surprisingly, though, the thin air makes the heat of the sun even more intense than at lower altitudes; it is said that only in Ladakh can a man sitting in the sun with his feet in the shade suffer from sunstroke and frostbite at the same time!

What to Do and See in Ladakh

Ladakh has nonetheless retained a more tranquil side, and is a pleasant place to unwind after a long bus journey. Attractions in and around the town itself include the former Palace and Namgyal Tsemo Gompa, perched amid strings of prayer flags above the narrow dusty streets of the Old Quarter. Ladakh is also a good base for longer day trips out into the Indus Valley. Among the string of picturesque villages and Gompas within reach by bus are Shey, site of a derelict 17th century palace, and the Spectacular Tikse Gompa. Untill one has adjusted to the altitude, however, the only sightseeing one will probably feel up to will be from a guesthouse roof terrace or garden, from where the snowy summits of the majestic Stok-Kangri massif (6,120m ).
Ladakh offers great opportunities for undertaking adventure activities amidst landscapes of breathtaking, rugged beauty. The most popular and best established among these are trekking, mountaineering and river rafting.      more...

Trekking in Ladakh

The captivating landscape, with an incomparable diversity of flora and fauna: Ladakh is regarded as the 'trekkers' paradise' and, indeed, is a refreshing treat to the trekkers. Ladakh is the ultimate destination for a trekking holiday, offering everything from short and easy excursions to the long challenges of the snowy peaks, invoking visions of the spectacular views, the lush meadows, green woodland and fragrant orchards. Ladakh and its adjoining areas like Zanskar valley provide excellent trekking routes, which allow the traveller to visit the remote village in the far-flung area of these regions. The high mountain passes, monasteries, yak herds on the high slopes would all give a feeling of the land beyond.       more...

Buddhism in Ladakh

The dominant religion of Ladakh is Buddhism, and it is the living religion of the people here, the practice of which has enabled them to live in complete peace not only with other religions but also with the nature. It is manifest in the art and architecture of Ladakh. The monasteries, or the gompas as they are called, are beautifully designed and have the finest of sculptures, wood carvings, bronzes, gold and silver chortens, paintings done on silk scrolls and walls and scriptures printed out of hand-made wooden blocks. In the monasteries the devout pray for the peace of the world.       more...

Festivals of Ladakh

The centuries -old culture of Ladakh has found expression in its monuments, monasteries, oral literature, art forms and fairs and festivals. And in the time-honoured tradition of collective celebration ; every occasion -marriage , birth , harvesting or even the flowering of plants  is marked by feasting, dancing and the singing of folk songs that form a part of its living heritage    more...

How to Reach Ladakh

By Air: The nearest airport is Leh. There are flights from Delhi, Chandigarh and Srinagar.
By Road: There are two overland routes the Srinagar to Leh road remains open from early June to November. The Jammu and Kashmir State Road Transport Corporation operates regular deluxe and ordinary bus services.
Manali - Leh road remains open from mid June to early October. Himachal Pradesh tourism, HRTC and Manali private bus union, operates a daily bus services, which takes two days to reach Leh, after a night halt at Sarchu or Darcha.
Taxi - Taxies are also available at Leh, Manali and Srinagar. 

Hotels in Ladakh

Check out the Ladakh Hotels Guide offering a list of options to get online Hotel bookings and instant hotel reservations before planning your trip to Ladakh.

Click Here For Hotels Booking in Ladakh

 

LADAKH TOUR PACKAGES
 -|-  LADAKH PANORAMA TREKS(Durations 8Nights/9Days)   -|- TSOMORIRI LAKE TREKS(Durations 7Nights/8Days)  -|-  LADAKH MONASTERY TREKS(Durations 15Nights/16Days)  -|-  CLASSIC MARKHA VALLEY TREKS(Durations 16Nights/17Days)  -|-
 -|-  MANALI TO LADAKH TREKS (Durations 22Nights/23Days)  -|-
 

Delhi to Srinagar Tour Packages

Kashmir on Super Deluxe Houseboat  Packages

-|-  Delhi SrinagarTours (Durations 2Nights/3Days) 
-|-
Deli to Srinagar Tours (Durations 10Nights/11Days
-|- Delhi -Jammu-Srinagar (Durations 7Nights/8Days  
-|-
North India Tours (Durations 17Nights/18Days
-|-
Kashmir Valley Trek Tours (Durations 10Nights/11Days)  
-|-  Durations 2Nights/3Days
-|-  Durations 3Nights/4Days
-|-  Durations 4Nights/5Days  -|-  Durations 5Nights/6Days  -|-  Durations6Nights/7Days 
Flower seller on the Dal Lake


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Cities of Jammu and Kashmir
Drass  -|- Padum / Padam  -|- Spitok  -|-  Gulmarg  -|- Pahalgam -|- Sani  -|-  Jammu -|- Patnitop  -|- Srinagar  -|-  Kishtwar  -|- Rangdum  -|- Stondey  -|-  Kargil
 -|- Rupshu -|- Zangla -|-  Leh -|- Rhidzong -|- Zanskar  -|-  Ladakh -|- Sonamarg -|- Zongkhul


Buddhist Heritage of Jammu and Kashmir
 
-|- 
Alchi   -|-   Namgyal Tsemo Gompa   -|-  Spitok   -|-   Chemrey Gompa   -|-   Pugthal/Phugtal   -|-  Stok   -|-   Diskit & Hundur   -|-  Rangdum
  -|- 
Stongdey/ Stongde Monastery   -|-   Hemis   -|-  Rhidzong   -|-  Sumur   -|-   Lamayuru   -|-  Sani   -|-  Thak Thok Gompa   -|-   Likkir
  -|-  Sankar Gompa
The Shanti Stupa   -|-   Matho   -|-  Shey   -|-  Tikse

HOTELS IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR
Hotels in Jammu
Hotel Asia Jammu Tawi  -|-   K.C Residency  -|-   Hotel Jammu Ahok
Hotels in Katra
Hotel Asia Shripati (3 Star), Katra
Hotels in Srinagar
 -|- Hotel Grand Palace   -|- Hotel centaur  -|- Hotel Broadway -|-
Hotels in Gulmarg
-|- Hotel Hill top  -|-   Hotel highland Park. -|-
Hotels in Pahalgam
-|- Hotel Pahalgham -|- Hotel Heavan -|- Hotel wood stock -|-
Hotels in Leh Ladakh
 -|-  Hotel Rafica  -|-  Hotel Dargan  -|-  Hotel K-Star Palace  -|-  Hotel Shambha-la  -|-  Ga-Ldan Continental -|- 

Hill Stations of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Aru  -|-  Dah & Hanu  -|-  Kishtwar  -|-  Patnitop  -|-  Sonamarg  -|- 

Pilgrimage of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Alchi  -|-  Amarnath  -|-  Padum  -|-  Stongdey Monastery -|-  Vaishno Devi  -|- 

Trekking in Jammu & Kashmir

 -|-  Indus Valley Trek  -|-   Pahalgam To Amarnath Cave -|-   Spiti To Ladakh  -|-   Srinagar-Daksum-Kishtwar  -|-   The Nubra Valley Trek -|-  And More Heritage...

Lake of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dal Lake  -|-  Manasbal Lake -|-  Mansar Lake -|-  Nagin Lake  -|-  Wular Lake  -|- 

Wildlife of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dachigam National Park  -|-  Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve -|-  Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary -|-  Kishtwar High Altitude National Park -|- 
 -|-  Overa National Park  -|- 

KASHMIR  ON SUPER DELUXE HOUSEBOATS TOUR PACKAGES
 -|-   Durations 2Nights/3Days    -|-  Durations 3Nights/4Days   -|-  Durations 4Nights/5Days  -|-  Durations 5Nights/6Days  -|- Durations 6Nights/7Days  -|-

DELHI TO KASHMIR TOUR PACKAGES
 -|-  DELHI SRINAGAR TOURS(Durations 2Nights/3Days)   -|-  DELHI TO SRINAGAR TOURS(Durations 10Nights/11Days -|-
 -|-  DELHI/ JAMMU/ SRINAGAR(Durations 7Nights/8Days  -|- NORTH INDIA TOURS(Durations 17Nights/18Days  -|-
 -|- KASHMIR VALLEY TREK TOURS (Durations 10Nights/11Days) -|-


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