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Jammu & Kashmir >> Travel Guide to Jammu & Kashmir  >> Cities of Jammu & Kashmir

JAMMU


The City of Temple Tours  >>>
Sightseeing  >>>

City Information

Area 20.36 sq.kms
Altitude 305 m
Temperature
Summer
Winter
Max         Min
43.0 C      23.4 C
26.2 C      4.3 C
Rainfall 107 cms (July to September).
Best Season September to April.
Clothing Summer: light cottons
Winter: woollens
Population 6,98,674 (as per Census 2001)
Languages Dogri, Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu and English

A Legend
Jammu, the Duggar land where the past still has a living presence. A land of grand ancient temples, and beautiful palaces, all nestling in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is said that, on becoming King, the Suryavanshi Jambu Lochan went on a hunt and, crossing the Tawi, found a deer and a tiger drinking water from the same tank. His ministers explained that this meant that the soil of the place was so virtuous that no living creature bore enmity against another.

Raja Jambu Lochan, who lived in the later Vedic period, decided to found his capital , Jambupura, on his soil, on the right bank of the Tawi, overlooking his brother king Bahu's fort. Today the temple of Maha Kali, better known as "Bahu" or "Bawey Wali Mata", located in the Bahu Fort, is considered second only to Mata Vaishno Devi in terms of mystical power. The present temple was built shortly after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab Singh, in 1822. The existing fort, as well as the Manasabdar's palace inside it, was constructed in 1820.


History
Legend has it that Jamboo Loochen founded the city about three thousand years ago. The Raja was hunting in the area, away from his capital city of Bahu when he came across a lion and a goat drinking from the same pond. The Shivadawala Shrine now stands on this spot in the city. Jammu is known as 'the city of temples' because of its many shrines, with their soaring golden spires or 'Shikhars'.

There are many other shrines and temples around the city and environs that date from earlier years but the recorded history of Jammu begins from the time of the Dogra rulers in the early 19th century. In 1846 the Dogra ruler of Jammu was created Maharaja of an ill-defined Himalayan kingdom, 'to the eastward of the river Indus and westward of the river Ravi', by the treaties of Lahore and Amritsar at the conclusion of the first Sikh war.

It was the lack of definition of this state - the forerunner of Jammu and Kashmir - that caused the continuing disputes with Russia and China over territory. The British created the state as part of a complex political buffer zone between their Indian Empire and China and Russia.

For the Maharaja Gulab Singh, the treaty confirmed for him almost 25 years of fighting and negotiation with the small hill tribes along the northern border of the Sikh Empire, centred on the Punjab. The region remained under Dogra rule until the partition of India in 1947, when Hari Singh, the then Maharaja of Kashmir, decided that it would remain as part of India and the state of Jammu & Kashmir was born

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Cities of Jammu and Kashmir
Drass  -|- Padum / Padam  -|- Spitok  -|-  Gulmarg  -|- Pahalgam -|- Sani  -|-  Jammu -|- Patnitop  -|- Srinagar  -|-  Kishtwar  -|- Rangdum  -|- Stondey  -|-  Kargil
 -|- Rupshu -|- Zangla -|-  Leh -|- Rhidzong -|- Zanskar  -|-  Ladakh -|- Sonamarg -|- Zongkhul


Buddhist Heritage of Jammu and Kashmir
 
-|- 
Alchi   -|-   Namgyal Tsemo Gompa   -|-  Spitok   -|-   Chemrey Gompa   -|-   Pugthal/Phugtal   -|-  Stok   -|-   Diskit & Hundur   -|-  Rangdum
  -|- 
Stongdey/ Stongde Monastery   -|-   Hemis   -|-  Rhidzong   -|-  Sumur   -|-   Lamayuru   -|-  Sani   -|-  Thak Thok Gompa   -|-   Likkir
  -|-  Sankar Gompa
The Shanti Stupa   -|-   Matho   -|-  Shey   -|-  Tikse


HOTELS IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR
Hotels in Jammu
Hotel Asia Jammu Tawi  -|-   K.C Residency  -|-   Hotel Jammu Ahok
Hotels in Katra
Hotel Asia Shripati (3 Star), Katra
Hotels in Srinagar
 -|- Hotel Grand Palace   -|- Hotel centaur  -|- Hotel Broadway -|-
Hotels in Gulmarg
-|- Hotel Hill top  -|-   Hotel highland Park. -|-
Hotels in Pahalgam
-|- Hotel Pahalgham -|- Hotel Heavan -|- Hotel wood stock -|-
Hotels in Leh Ladakh
 -|-  Hotel Rafica  -|-  Hotel Dargan  -|-  Hotel K-Star Palace  -|-  Hotel Shambha-la  -|-  Ga-Ldan Continental -|- 

Hill Stations of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Aru  -|-  Dah & Hanu  -|-  Kishtwar  -|-  Patnitop  -|-  Sonamarg  -|- 

Pilgrimage of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Alchi  -|-  Amarnath  -|-  Padum  -|-  Stongdey Monastery -|-  Vaishno Devi  -|- 

Trekking in Jammu & Kashmir

 -|-  Indus Valley Trek  -|-   Pahalgam To Amarnath Cave -|-   Spiti To Ladakh  -|-   Srinagar-Daksum-Kishtwar  -|-   The Nubra Valley Trek -|-  And More Heritage...

Lake of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dal Lake  -|-  Manasbal Lake -|-  Mansar Lake -|-  Nagin Lake  -|-  Wular Lake  -|- 

Wildlife of Jammu & Kashmir
 -|-  Dachigam National Park  -|-  Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve -|-  Hemis High Altitude Wildlife Sanctuary -|-  Kishtwar High Altitude National Park -|- 
 -|-  Overa National Park  -|- 

KASHMIR  ON SUPER DELUXE HOUSEBOATS TOUR PACKAGES
 -|-   Durations 2Nights/3Days    -|-  Durations 3Nights/4Days   -|-  Durations 4Nights/5Days  -|-  Durations 5Nights/6Days  -|- Durations 6Nights/7Days  -|-

DELHI TO KASHMIR TOUR PACKAGES
 -|-  DELHI SRINAGAR TOURS(Durations 2Nights/3Days)   -|-  DELHI TO SRINAGAR TOURS(Durations 10Nights/11Days -|-
 -|-  DELHI/ JAMMU/ SRINAGAR(Durations 7Nights/8Days  -|- NORTH INDIA TOURS(Durations 17Nights/18Days  -|-
 -|- KASHMIR VALLEY TREK TOURS (Durations 10Nights/11Days) -|-


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